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The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt

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The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, 4500 years old, are the most famous landmark in Egypt and one of the oldest landmarks in the world. All three of the famous pyramids of Giza were built from about 2550 BC to 2490 BC by the rulers Khufu (the tallest), Khafre (in the background), and Menkaure (in the front). The building methods used to build the Egyptian pyramids are one of the most mysterious of the Egyptian pyramids.

The Egyptians’ excellent work becomes even more impressive when you consider how many blocks of limestone and granite were used to make The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt. About 2.5 tonnes are in each building block (2.3 metric tons). Each pyramid was part of a royal tomb complex with a temple at its base and a long stone bridge (about one kilometer long) that led east from the plateau to a valley temple on the edge of the floodplain.


Don’t miss checking out our Private Tour to Pyramids of Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur to visit the oldest pyramids in Egypt.


The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, were built to last forever, and they did just that. Archaeological tombs are among the things left over from the Old Kingdom in Egypt, and they were made 4,500 years ago. Egypt’s pharaohs thought they would become gods in the afterlife. To get ready for the next world, they built temples for the gods and massive pyramid tombs for themselves. The vast temples where they were buried were part of the ritual that would help them finish their tasks after they died.

Each ruler’s tomb had everything they would need to guide and support themselves in the next world. The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, are the largest and most famous structures in Egypt and the world. The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, were built to honor some of the pharaohs of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty, known as the Old Kingdom.


Here are many things you should know about The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt:

1- Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops Pyramid)

The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
The great pyramid of Giza. Also, it’s the oldest of the ancient world’s Seven Wonders.

Khufu was the second ruler of the Fourth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. He lived from about 2589 BC to 2566 BC. He is the son of Queen Hetepheres and Pharaoh Sneferu. His Greek name Khufu is also known as Khufu. We always asked, when was the Great Pyramid of Giza built? Khufu built the Great Pyramid of Giza in the early 26th century BC, one of the World’s Seven Wonders.

Khufu was king for more than 20 years, and almost as soon as he took the throne, he began building the Great Pyramid of Giza. Most of what we know about Khufu comes from a few inscriptions at Giza and documents written by Greek historians more than 2,000 years after his death.

Khufu built the Great Pyramid, the largest of the three major pyramids at Giza, 146 meters (481 feet) high. People did not create anything taller than the Great Pyramid until AD 1221 when the tower of Old St Paul’s Cathedral was built in London. At 149 meters (489 ft), it was taller than the Great Pyramid until it fell less than 350 years later.

The Great Pyramid of Cheops is impressive not only for its height but also for its excellent planning and construction. With a base length of over 230 meters (750 ft) per side, the four sides of the pyramid vary in size by no more than 4.4 cm (1/inch), with the base at a level of 2.1 cm (less than an inch). It’s a great job that would be hard to do again today, even with our current tools.

There are about 2,300,000 objects in the pyramid, some weighing more than 50 tons. Like the pyramids built by Sneferu and those that came after him on the Giza plateau, the Pyramid of Khufu consists of coarsely hewn and locally mined core stones and inclined outer blocks laid in horizontal paths until the spaces between them are filled with gypsum plaster. The soft outer rocks, which had been removed for a long time, were carefully tuned. The white blocks of Tora limestone would have given the pyramid a smooth and shiny surface.

At the top of the pyramid, there would have been a pyramid, or coronation, possibly covered in gold. This bright spot, shining in the strong sunlight, was easy to see from afar. The inner chambers were made of blocks of red granite, the outer core was made of yellow sandstone, and it was enclosed in a thin crust of white limestone. When we see this great building, the question arises: How long did it take to build the Great Pyramid of Giza? It took more than 20 years to build the Great Pyramid of Giza.


2- Pyramid of Khafre (Pyramid Of Chephren)

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt
The Khafre Pyramid is Egypt’s second-largest pyramid.

Khafre, the third pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during Egypt’s Old Kingdom Period around 2540 BC, had the second largest pyramid at Giza and in Egypt built for him.

Khafre, also called Chephren in history, was the son of Khufu, who created the Great Pyramid, and the grandson of Sneferu, who was also a great builder in Ancient Egypt. He built the second group of pyramids at Giza.

His tomb was built on slightly higher ground than his father’s, so it looked just as tall. But at 143.5 meters tall, his pyramid is somewhat shorter and still imposing.  Its main walls are made of blocks of limestone from the area. The beautifully polished blocks of high-quality limestone that once made up most of the pyramid’s towering height are still on the top of the structure.

Khafre’s tomb temple at the base of his pyramid and the valley temple at the end of the causeway are the biggest and best-preserved of the Old Kingdom’s pyramid temples. During Khafre’s rule, the layout of the temples became more complicated. The parts that made up his tomb temple became the new standard other Old Kingdom temples would try to match.

The Great Sphinx, a colossal statue, is a unique part of Khafre’s complex, and it stands next to his valley temple. The massive limestone blocks that make up the valley temple are granite. The floors are alabaster, and the vast hall has enormous granite pillars. The symmetrically placed niches along the hall’s walls used to hold statues of the king, and some of these are on display at the Egyptian Museum.

Many people think that the famous granodiorite statue of Khafre with Horus as a falcon sitting on his head is one of the best examples of ancient Egyptian art. Khafre lived in the Old Kingdom during its “golden age.” He and his family built the best pyramids in Egypt’s history, which were also some of the best things ever done by people.

His father, Khufu, is thought to have improved the design of pyramids and built the largest building in the ancient world.  Khafre’s pyramid is smaller and has less fine stonework than his father’s.  He suggests that the 4th Dynasty may have already been on its way down when he was in charge. But he did add some interesting things to the Giza Necropolis.


3- Pyramid of Menkaure (Mykerinus Pyramid)

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt
Menkaure is the third of Giza’s most essential pyramids, the one with the smallest size.

Menkaure’s pyramid is only 62 meters high, making it the smallest of the Giza pyramids. It was built by the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Menkaure in the twenty-sixth century BC. It is located southwest of the other two Giza pyramids. It is the only one of the three pyramids of Giza in which none of its original polished limestone shells remains. The complex pyramid of Menkaure was the last pyramid built on the Giza plateau. The construction of the pyramid was completed around 2510 BC.

It was made to be the tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh Menkaure, who took the throne after his father, Khafre. In addition to the king’s pyramid, the pyramid complex contains a valley temple, a bridge, a mortuary temple, and three smaller pyramids, the Queen’s Pyramids.

Parts of the pyramid were left jagged and incomplete, leading archaeologists to believe that it was built quickly, possibly because the pharaoh died early. Menkaure was a pharaoh in the ancient kingdom of Egypt and the fifth ruler of the Fourth Dynasty. He is the son of Pharaoh Khafre and Queen Khamer Nabati, and he took the throne from his father.

It is not known how long Menkaure ruled, but it is believed that it began around 2530 BC. He is also known by the Greek name Mykerinos. Menkaure’s pyramid in Giza, his tomb, is what he is most famous for.  Queen Khamernepti II and Queen Rekhetre were two of Menkaure’s wives. Several of his half-brothers, including Nebemacht, Diener, and Neckauer, served as ministers during his reign.

The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three major pyramids of Giza. It has a square base with sides 103 meters (339 ft) long and 62 meters (215 ft) high. The fact that the granite blocks were not finished indicates that Menkaure died before construction was completed. Shepseskaf, who assumed the position of Menkaure, probably spent the pyramid around 2510 BC. Much limestone and granite were used to build the pyramid.

One side of Menkaure’s pyramid has a large hole due to the large vertical hole on the north side. This pit was dug in the 12th century by Othman ibn Yusuf, the son of Salah al-Din, who then demolished the pyramid. The Sultan abandoned the idea after his workers worked on this single rift for eight months.


Things to see & do in Giza Plateau:

1- The Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt
The Sphinx is a giant, old statue of a creature with a human head and the body of a lion. It stands in Egypt near the pyramids.

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a massive statue of a sleeping sphinx made of limestone. It is in Giza, Egypt, and most likely dates back to the time of King Khafre (c. 2575–c. 2465 BCE). It is one of the most well-known places in Egypt and maybe the most famous piece of sphinx art. The Great Sphinx is one of the world’s most significant sculptures. It is about 240 feet long (73 meters) and 66 feet high (20 meters). 

It has a lion’s body and a person’s head wearing a royal headdress. Most scholars say that Khafre owned the Great Sphinx during the 4th Dynasty. Some people think that Khafre’s older brother Redjedef (also called Djedefre), built it to honor their father, Khufu, whose pyramid at Giza is called the Great Pyramid. Some people think that the face of the Great Sphinx looks more like Khufu than it does Khafre. Because of this, some people feel Khufu himself built the statue.


2- Valley Temple

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt

The Valley Temple of Khafre was built as a place for King Khafre and his family to be buried. It is part of the Pyramids of Giza Complex, and King Khafre made it one of the kings of the 4th Dynasty.

The Valley Temple of Khafre is an excellent sign of ancient Egyptian civilization and living proof of how important the fourth Dynasty was in the history of Egypt and civilization as a whole. It is a trendy place for tourists to visit when they come to Egypt. It’s located to the East of Chefren’s pyramid in the Pyramids of Giza Complex, closer to the Nile and the famous Great Sphinx temple.

The Valley Temple of Khafre is part of a legendary land where the biggest Kings and Pharaohs of Egypt once chose to build their burial temples. Many pieces of the Valley Temple have been found that mention the names of Hathor, Bubastis, and Khafre. In the 1860s, some statues of Khafre were found in the Temple.

This Temple was built to serve two functions. First, it was used for the purification of the mummy of the king before its burial. Second, it was used for making the mummification process of the king. Considered the best-preserved valley temple all over Egypt, The Valley Temple was built of local limestones; it was partly covered with fine Tura limestone and partly by ashlars of pink granite. It was built with limestone blocks on a square plane, measuring 482 feet on each side. The desert sand covered this Temple until the 19th century.


3- Visit Panoramic Point

The Great Pyramids of Giza - The Giant Tombs of Pharaohs

This is one of the best places to look at The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt. From here, six of the nine pyramids on the Giza Plateau can be seen.


4- horse or Camel Riding 

The Great Pyramids of Giza - The Giant Tombs of Pharaohs

Riding a camel is one of the most fun and beautiful things. Those who don’t want to try something strange can ride a horse instead. Even though it seems like a touristy and overrated way to see The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, this is one of the best ways to see them.


Book a Half Day Giza Pyramids Tour with Sphinx & Camel Ride to enjoy a wonderful visit to the Giza complex.


5- Ride a Quad Bike

The Great Pyramids of Giza Egypt

Riding a Quad bike around the Pyramids of Giza is one of the most exciting things to do in Cairo.

The Quad Bike ride at the Pyramids of Giza is a fun outdoor activity in one of the most beautiful places in the world: the Egyptian desert, where the Pyramids of Giza stand tall. Quad biking is fun for one person, a group, or a family. With the quad bike, it will be an exciting challenge to take on the Egyptian desert. You will race up and down the dunes while the amazing pyramids are in the background. The tour is for people who like to try new things and are willing to be adventurous. The Quad bike ride is a fun desert trip.


The 5 exciting facts about the pyramids of Giza:

  1. We still don’t know much about how they were put together: Even though many people have studied these unique structures for hundreds of years, we still don’t know how they were built. Even though many “breakthrough” discoveries about the process are said to have been made, these are all just theories. This is especially true because the blocks that make up the pyramids are so big. We still don’t know exactly how they were shaped, moved, and lifted. It was possible, but how did they do it? We might never know for sure.
  2. The pyramids are not completely solid: Another exciting thing about them is that they have a complex network of tunnels, shafts, and rooms inside and underneath them. No one knows what these structures are for.
  3. It looks like the pyramids are lined up with stars: The ancient Egyptians may have used the Big Dipper and the Little Dipper to line up their pyramids in a north-south direction. This alignment is so accurate that their north-south positions are within 0.05 degrees of each other. But it’s important to remember that the way the stars are lined up constantly changes, even if it does so very slowly.
  4. Stones in the pyramids were heavier than an elephant:  Would you believe us if we said that some of the stones used to build the pyramids weigh more than 70 tonnes?  Each of the 2.3 million stone blocks that make up the Great Pyramid weighs about 2.5 tonnes on average. But many consider the average elephant as much as or even more than. We might never know exactly how they moved these rocks, but some ancient Egyptian documents and wall paintings give us some ideas. For instance, it looks like stones were moved on sleds, likely over wet sand.
  5. Egyptians built the Great Pyramid very well:  Even though they built many pyramids, not all still exist today. But things like the Great Pyramid and the other pyramids at Giza show that it is possible. Why? The Egyptians improved at building pyramids over time, which is one reason. Some researchers think the Egyptians weren’t good enough at cutting stones to tighten the earlier pyramids’ joints. Over time, water got into the cracks, which grew and shrank as the weather changed, and this pushed the stones apart, eventually leading to erosion. Granite was also used to build the Great Pyramid, which doesn’t tend to soak up water. Craftspeople also learned how to make tight joints in the casing covering the pyramid, which allowed the pyramid to shed water instead of soaking it up, which helped it last longer.

The Great Pyramids of Giza - The Giant Tombs of Pharaohs

How many Pyramids are in Egypt?

Egypt has 118 different kinds of pyramids. Most people only know about the pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkoura on the Giza plateau because they are the most significant and impressive.

However, they are only the tip of an avast rocky iceberg, and it’s one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Other famous but less well-known pyramids include:

  • The typical Djoser pyramid at Saqqara.
  • The unfinished Baqa’a pyramid at Zawyet al-‘Arian.
  • The abandoned Abusir pyramid.
  • The curved pyramid that Sneferu tried to build in Dahshur.
  • The Medium pyramid in Fayoum.

These monuments tell us important things about the rulers of the ancient Egyptian kingdom, and they also help us understand the pyramids of Giza.


How much time do you need to see The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt?

You need a whole day to see The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, and you plan to spend at least four hours in the pyramids of Giza. This gives you enough time to go inside one of the pyramids, go to Panoramic Point, go on a camel trek, go to the Solar Boat Museum, and take a picture with the Sphinx.

After that, you can have lunch at the restaurant with a view of the pyramids and watch the sun set over them as you eat. And if you want to see the pyramids differently, you can go to a great sound and light show at night. You can also spend a whole day going to the pyramids and then to Saqqara and Memphis.


Check out our tour Tour to Pyramids of Giza, Memphis, and Saqqara with Lunch.


How to get to The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt?

The most convenient ways to reach The Great Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, are by taxi, Uber, organized tour, or private guide and driver.  Those staying in hotels on the Giza Plateau that offer views of the Pyramids can easily reach the site by foot.

The Great Pyramids of Giza - The Giant Tombs of Pharaohs

Where to stay near to Giza Pyramids?

  • The Mena House Marriott: It’s a great hotel. From a balcony, it was so exciting to see the Great Pyramid. Breakfast is a buffet with a tonne of food choices. You can also sit outside with a cup of coffee and look at the Great Pyramid.
  • Pyramids View Inn: The Sphinx and the pyramids are visible from the rooms of this cozy hotel. The rooftop patio offers a breathtaking panorama and is a beautiful spot to avoid the crowd while still enjoying the Sound and Light Show.
  • Excellent Pyramid Inn: Another hotel that brags about its proximity to the Pyramids of Giza. The view of the pyramids from the rooftop patio is breathtaking, and the pyramids can be seen from the balcony of certain rooms.



The Egyptian pyramids are one-of-a-kind structures that still have an effect on architecture all over the world. The Pyramids of Giza are a great place to learn about history. You will like taking pictures, riding camels, seeing the pyramids, and doing many other things.

Don’t miss to check out our: Cairo Vacation Packages.

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