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The Great Pyramid of Cheops

The Great Pyramid of Cheops

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The Great Pyramid of Cheops, also called Khufu, was built on the plateau of Giza. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, still stands today, and is in good condition. The Egyptians call it the Pyramid of Khufu, but the rest of the world says the pharaoh’s name in Greek. Even though it has been around for more than 4,000 years, the largest pyramid is still in good shape. Egyptians finished this wonder around the year 2560 BC. It was initially taller than 145 meters but today reduced to 138 due to the removal of external architectural elements. It’s taller than any building built before the industrial age. The Great Pyramid of Cheops is a marvel of math and engineering, and it was built using highly developed geometric techniques and knowledge. It is still the most exciting thing for tourists to see in Egypt. Knowing some things about its hallways, mines, and air ducts is possible. Only one thing is sure: the Great Pyramid was built with clever ideas.

 

Who is Khufu, and what does his name mean?

Khufu, also called Cheops, was a king in ancient Egypt. He was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt during the first half of the Old Kingdom (26th century BC). He was the son of Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I, and three wives are thought to have been his. His sons Chephren and Menkaure built the other two pyramids of Giza, but neither of them is as big and impressive as the Great Pyramid of Cheops. 

Pyramid of Cheops - The Giant Tomb of Khufu
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the last of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World. It is a symbol of Egypt and a crucial part of its history.

 

Location of the Great Pyramid of Cheops

The Great Pyramid of Cheops is in the Giza Necropolis in the Haram area. It was built on the Giza plateau, 40 feet above the Valley of Giza, Egypt, on the left bank of the Nile. The Khafre and Menkaure pyramids, the Sphinx, and the Temple of the Valley are also on the site.

 

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History and construction of the Great Pyramid of Cheops

Cheops was king from 2589 BC to 2560 BC. As we’ve seen, the pyramid named for him is the oldest and largest of the three and the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. We take a quick look at the history of this exciting building in Cairo today. Egyptologists say that the pyramid was made as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, who ruled for about 20 years. For almost 4,000 years, people thought the pyramid was the tallest building ever made by people. It is the biggest and oldest of the three pyramids in the Giza complex. It shows how grand Egypt used to be. The pyramid is a tomb, and Inside were three known burial chambers and a sloped passageway called the Grand Gallery. One room is carved into the bedrock and is underground. The other two are further up in the pyramid. One is called the Queen’s Chamber, and the other is the King’s Chamber. There is still a lot of mystery about the pyramid’s construction. The ancient Egyptians called Khufu’s pyramid Ikhet, which means “glorious light.” When it was first built, it was covered with highly polished white limestone, which made the pyramid shine in the sun. Later, Arabs took the stones out of the casings and used them to build mosques.

The math shows that the original structure, which looked like a mirror, could be seen from the moon. It is thought to be made up of 2.5 million blocks of limestone, each weighing 2.3 tonnes. However, some stones at their base weigh as much as 15 tonnes. People think of the fourth dynasty as the Old Kingdom’s golden age, mainly because the pyramids built during this time were so big and impressive that they almost looked like giants. Since Cheops’s father, Sneferu, built his pyramids in Dahshur, the pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty are more significant and look better than those built before or after them. The word “pyramid” comes from the Greek word “pyramids.” For the Egyptians, the pyramid was a way to ensure the pharaoh and, by extension, their kingdom would live forever. For this to work, the pyramid had to be finished before the pharaoh died. The King’s Chamber is about 45 m from the base of the Great Pyramid, a third of the way up. It was found around 820 AD by Caliph Ma’mun. When it was opened, people thought they would find a treasure that matched the size of the king. Instead, to everyone’s surprise, the Pharaoh’s Chamber (which was his funeral, according to orthodox Egyptology) was found empty and bare. There were no decorations or writings on the walls, and they only found an empty granite sarcophagus.

 

Inside the Cheops Pyramid

Pyramid of Cheops - The Giant Tomb of Khufu

The ancient Egyptians built the entrances to all the pyramids on the north side because they thought the dead would live in the north star. If you look closely, you’ll notice that the Cheops Pyramid has two entrances. This is because a coating hid the original entrance, so Chalif Al Ma’amoun added a second entrance further down. Tourists use this entrance to see the inside of the great pyramid.

 

The king’s room is recommended or not?

The King’s Chamber can be seen where there is a short staircase outside the Great Pyramid that leads to it. It is only recommended for some, but everyone would like to be able to say they’ve been inside a pyramid. Before you get inside, you must deal with steep slopes and tight spaces. It’s not a good idea for people with claustrophobia or heart problems, but everything is clean and well-lit, and there are handrails and wooden ramps to help you go up and down.

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The significance of the Great Pyramid of Cheops

Archaeologists think the stability of Ancient Egypt’s economy and government can be seen in the pyramids. Interestingly, a pyramid had to be paid for and built with a lot of money and people.  The size and quality of the building at different times in ancient Egypt’s history suggest that more resources were available to work on the building during the fourth dynasty than at any other time. Khufu improved on his father’s ideas to build the curved and red pyramids in Dahshur, south of Giza. The Pyramids of Sneferu were giant, and they were the first to have the smooth sides of the Pyramids of Giza. However, in the reign of Khufu, the shape of the pyramid and the ideal angle needed to build a strong pyramid were decided.

 

Top 10 interesting facts about the Great Pyramid of Cheops

  • It is made up of 2,300,000 stone blocks.

The blocks vary in weight from 900 kilograms to 30,000 kilograms. Inside, the temperature stays at 20° C all the time. It was covered with limestone, which made it look like a big mirror because it reflected light.

  • The Pharaoh’s chest was put there when the building was being built.

The Pharaoh’s chamber has a chest too big to fit through the small tunnels of the pyramid. It must have been put there when the pyramid was being built.

  • This pyramid is in the same place as the two others.

The Pyramid of Cheops, also called the Giza Pyramid, is lined up with two others, the Pyramids of Khafra and Menkaura, by the stars that make up Orion’s Belt. The path down the pyramid leads to a star called Alpha Draconis, which is a polar star.

  • It has revolving doors.

The only two pyramids with this kind of door are Huni and Snefru. In that order, they were a son, a father, and a grandfather. Even though it weighs several tonnes, Giza’s revolving door is easy to open and almost impossible to find from the outside.

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the symbol of Egypt: 

 It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is the only one still standing. Not only is a pyramid a beautiful building, but it has been and still is the symbol of Egypt. When you hear the word “pyramid,” you automatically think of Egypt. This is because the pyramids played a big role in Egyptian mythology and spirituality when the country was young. It was also one of the seven ancient world wonders that still stands. Also, it was the world’s tallest building for thousands of years until the Eiffel Tower was built in 1889.

  • Cheops’s pyramid was the biggest, and his statue was the smallest.

Even though the Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest, Cheops’ statue is the smallest one found of a pharaoh. It is made of ivory and is only 7.5 centimeters long.

  •  Slaves did not build it.

For a long time, people thought that thousands of slaves built the pyramid. However, Egyptologists now agree that skilled workers led this project. Cheops’ nephew planned the building, and the Pharaoh spent a lot of money on good clothes and food for the workers.

  •  Levers were used to build it.

Even though no one knew how it was made, it is known that wooden or bronze levers would have been the easiest way. After the first step was built, stones were moved to the second step using a machine made of logs, and so on.

  •  The pyramid is made up of three rooms.

There are three places inside it: the king’s chamber, the queen’s chamber, and the unfinished chamber. Experts say that Cheops was buried in a fourth space under the queen’s room, and some think Cheops was never in the pyramid.

  • There was also a boat there.

A well with an unarmed boat was found at the base of the pyramid. The boat was later put back together and kept in a museum. The boat was probably put there by Dyedefra, the son and heir of Cheops, whose name was written on the stones that covered the well.

Pyramid of Cheops - The Giant Tomb of Khufu

 

Features of the visit and valuable tips about The Great Pyramid of Cheops

  1. Only 300 tickets are sold daily to see the pyramid of Cheops; 150 at 8:00 and 150 at 13:00.
  2. You should go to the pyramids early in the morning to get a ticket and avoid the day’s heat.
  3. The entrance to the pyramid is shallow, and you have to walk about 100 meters hunched over. Also, the inside is arid, hot, and slightly dusty. People with claustrophobia, lung or heart diseases, or a fear of small spaces should not drink water.
  4. You can’t take pictures or videos inside. If you want to take photos with the Great Pyramid in the background, don’t give your camera to the wrong people because cameras are often stolen.
  5. Like other pyramids, it’s best to take a picture of the Cheops pyramid in the morning or evening when the sun could be more brightly. Otherwise, the picture will be flat.
  6. It is against the law to climb the pyramid.

Pyramid of Cheops - The Giant Tomb of Khufu

 

Summary

The Great Pyramid of Giza Khufu is still one of the most mysterious enigmas in Egyptian history. This beautiful building has surpassed the weather changes over time and is a reminder of how powerful and beautiful Ancient Egypt was. Historians learned much about how people lived in ancient Egypt from the Pyramid of Khufu. So, tourists visit the Pyramid of Giza with awe to see what life was like in the past.

 

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